2019 has revealed that the earliest known presence of cannabis plants on our planet can be traced back to northwestern China around 20 million years ago. Scientists believe, however, that cannabis may have originated on the Tibetan Plateau approximately 28 million years ago. But the first use of cannabis or hemp cannot be dated with a lack of certainty. Archaeologists also discovered traces of hemp cords, seeds, and oil in parts of China and Taiwan that date back approximately 8,000 years. Various other discoveries are claimed, including hemp rope found in 1997 in the Czech Republic. This rope is estimated to be almost 27,000 years old.
The first medicinal use of cannabis is also somewhat vague. The first reference to medicinal cannabis use is attributed to Chinese Emperor Shen Nung’s pharmacopoeia in 2,800 BC. He is widely regarded as the father of medicine in China. From these earliest known uses to the present, cannabis has a checkered history. Cannabis has been and still is a hero to some and a villain to many. It is believed that cannabis was initially predominantly used medicinally. Its use as a psychoactive drug became more common over the ensuing centuries. The tide turned in the 1970s when a handful of countries legalized cannabis possession and use subject to various conditions. The 21st century has seen widespread legalization or decriminalization. The acceptance of cannabis by society, in general, has also grown substantially. It is common nowadays to see CBD products openly advertised, sold, and used.
What is the CBD compound?
CBD is an abbreviation for Cannabidiol. It was first discovered in 1940 by organic chemist, Roger Adams at the University of Illinois. He didn’t, however, document its structure, which was later determined to be Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This discovery led to a whole new direction for research into cannabis and cannabinoid compounds. Mechoulam tested both new compounds on primates and very quickly established that THC had psychoactive properties that caused intoxication while CBD did not. This puts the question, “what are the benefits of CBD?” on everybody’s mind across the world.
What are the various forms of CBD on the market?
Little was known about the chemical structure of cannabis or of the different compounds and their specific individual uses until relatively recently. Historically, very few people cared to ask, “what are the benefits of CBD?”. Cannabis was smoked or ingested in various simple edible forms. Some users chose to chew the plant material as is while others produced cakes or cookies containing dried and crushed cannabis. Nowadays, however, CBD, which is a more widely legalized component of the cannabis plant, is available in a wide variety of different products and applications.
The first distinction in CBD products is the actual range of cannabinoids and other compounds that it contains. There are generally three classifications. CBD Isolate is a pure CBD extract without any other cannabinoids and, more specifically, does not contain THC. CBD isolate is ideal for new users who are apprehensive about the narcotic effects of cannabis products. Broad Spectrum CBD contains a range of other cannabinoids and terpenes. Typically, they contain no THC as well, although some products still might contain micro quantities. Full Spectrum CBD contains a broad range of cannabinoids and terpenes, including THC. The THC content, however, is by law required to be a maximum of 0.3%. At this concentration, the THC will not cause an intoxicating effect on the users. In recent years, many new forms of delivery or applications of CBD have been developed and promoted.
CBD hemp drops are probably the best-known and most common CBD product. Oils are usually delivered in an alcohol or oil base and come in various concentrations and flavours. Edible CBD is available in many forms as well. Gummies are quite common.
Together with teas and infusions, chocolates, sodas, and baked goods. CBD hemp cream, lotions and gels are for external use and are used directly on affected parts of the skin or nails or as a shampoo. Vaporizers deliver the quickest results. A CBD-infused liquid is drawn over a very hot element and boils instantly producing an inhalable vapour. Capsules and tablets are available in various concentrations which makes exact dosing a lot easier.
How can I use CBD products safely?
Hemp drops can be applied directly on or under the tongue using a dropper, or they can be mixed into food or beverages. Dosage can be determined and measured accurately. On the other hand, edibles, as the name suggests, are consumed by ingestion through the mouth. Depending on the preparation methods, dosage may be a little difficult to establish accurately. Products like CBD hand lotions and gels can be applied locally to the affected areas of the skin. Products like hemp shampoos are used in a normal manner or as a supplement together with regular shampoo.
Vapour CBD liquids are inhaled just like cigarettes or vaping. While the juices have a specific concentration of CBD, it is impossible to gauge the inhaled content with any degree of accuracy. Capsules and tablets products are swallowed similarly to medication.
What are the benefits of CBD, and can it help me?
Since CBD was first properly analyzed and understood in the 1960s, much research has gone into its uses and benefits. Claims abound around the medicinal benefits of CBD have surfaced, as thousands of testimonials from users who have benefited from the use of CBD in relieving or reducing symptoms of:
- Anxiety and depression
- General pain
- Autoimmune conditions
- Mental health disorders
Despite all the studies and testimonials, there is still no definitive clinical evidence to support the healing benefits. Whilst there seems to be little doubt that many people will benefit from supplemental CBD products, it should not be considered as an alternative to conventional treatments.
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